Qualifications frameworks: some cautionary thoughts Michael Young
Summary: This paper presents a critical approach to the likely consequences of introducing National Qualifications Frameworks. The author argues that they could actually lead to new inequalities, due to the priority they give to improving the flexibility and transparency of learning programmes. By presenting qualification levels as if they were equal rungs on a ladder, NQFs can mask the hard work of teaching and learning that is required if students are to progress. Likewise, in minimising the real differences between the learning required for different occupations, learners may acquire qualifications that have little value on the labour market.