On knowledge and science (Plato and Aristotle) Ingrid Kodelja
Summary: The knowledge and sciences that are integrated into the programs of general education play a vital role in achieving educational goals. On the one hand, they aim at creating free individuals, ready for their future lives and social roles; on the other hand, another objective of education is propaedeutic, as it represents a basis for higher education. However, the concepts of both knowledge and science have been changing throughout history. In my article, I attempt to show how the concepts of knowledge and science were understood by Plato and Aristotle (as well as how they were understood in the Middle Ages), since both Plato’s and Aristotle’s views of the issue have had a long-term impact on the development of philosophy and science.